Cultural Speech Outline: Australia

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Cultural Speech Outline:

Purpose: At the end of our speech, the audience will know about Australia Introduction:
Grabber: G'day Mates!
Preview: Today we are going to talk about Australia’s wildlife, sports, celebrities, cuisine, history, and attractions.

I. Australia has a number of different mammals but does not have any large predatory animals. A. Mammals are warm blooded animals that give live birth.
B. Their biggest carnivorous animal is called the dingo, or wild dog. 1. They are found all over Australia except for Tasmania.

Transition: moving on to Marsupials

II. Australia has over 150 species of Marsupials.
A. Marsupials are animals that carry their newborns in special pouches in their bellies. B. Kangaroos and wallabies- 55 different species
1. The main difference between these two is the size. Wallabies tend to be smaller.2. The population of both range between 30 to 60 million. C. The koala bear is another marsupial.
1. Despite the name koalas are in fact not a type of bear.
2. They only eat leaves of the eucalyptus tree.
D. The last marsupial I am going to discuss is the wombat.
1. Stout, borrowing animals that weigh as much as 36 kilograms.

Transition: let's talk about monotremes

III. The next type of animal is the monotremes.
A. Monotremes are a group of animals only found in Australia.B. They are egg laying mammals. C. The most distinctive monotreme is the platypus.
1. The platypus is a river-dwelling animal with a bill like a duck, a furry waterproof body and webbed feet. 2. They live in burrows in which they dig into the banks of rivers. 3. They are also poisonous and could kill a small dog or cause excruciating pain to humans. D. The echidna is also a monotreme.

1.It is a spiny ant eater.
2. It has a long sticky tongue and a prickly coat like a hedge hog or a porcupine.

Transition: let”s talk about the birds

IV. Australia is also home to 828 species of birds.
A. Half of the 828 species of birds are only found in Australia. B. These birds range from tiny honey eaters to the large Emu a flightless bird; which stands 2 meters tall. C. They have a vast array of water birds and seabirds.

D. Kookaburras, best known for their hysterical, human-sounding laughter at dusk and dawn, are common in Australia. E. There are also 55 species of parrots that inhabit Australia.

Transition: moving on to reptiles

V. Next are Australia’s reptiles.
A. Reptiles are kings of the outback.
1. They are cold blooded creatures so they need to draw heat from the sun to warm their bodies. B. Australia is home to the most poisonous snakes than any other country. 1. They have 21 of the 25 deadliest snakes, but not all are poisonous. C. Australia is famous for their crocodiles, freshwater and saltwater varieties. D. They also have 5 species of endangered sea turtles that nest and lay eggs on their beaches every year. E. They have tons of lizard species including the most popular frilled lizard and the bearded dragons. 1. Bearded dragons may look mean and aggressive but in reality they are one of the most docile and laid back lizards. 2. They rely on their spiny looks and their “beard” which turns black and is puffed out to fend off any predators trying to make a quick meal.

Transition: Lets talk about the marine life

VI. Lastly I’ll talk about the marine animals that are located in Australia.Transition: A. Australia’s waters hold around 4000 of the 22000 types of fish in the world as well as 30 of the 58 sea grass species. B. Australia also has the world’s largest coral reef system known as the Great Barrier Reef. C. 1700 different species of coral.

D. Larger marine species include the migratory gentle whale shark, humpback, southern right and orca whales, the dugong, numerous dolphin species and a number of shark species. 1. Whales can be seen along the east and west coastlines from May to November.

Transition: Now...
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